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how to build rail stations

This article describes the advantages of different station types. Please take a look at the train-tutorial if you don't know how to build a station

Table of contents

Updates

3/1/02 Created tutorial
 

restrictions in simutrans

In other games you can build stations like in the following image. Such stations doesn't work well in Simutrans!

If you use two-way signals near stations you will increase the risk of jams like in the following image. The arriving train block the leaving train.

Expand image
Image: The arriving train block the leaving train.

Update 10-June-2005:
In recent Simutrans versions you can avoid this by using pre-signals:

Image: Station near city centre and tourist attraction

Notes:
There is a crossing at the front of the station.
At this crossing three signal types are used:
- Two-Way-Signals (in front of the station)
- Pre-Signal (rail for arriving trains)
- One-Way-Signal (rail for leaving trains)

A train will cross a pre-signal only if the pre-signal and the following signal is green. That means that in the example no train will enter the block in front of the station if there is a train on the destination plattform. Because of this no arriving train will block leaving trains.

 


 

head station

  Example 1
Description Every train has an own track

HHHHH-----------------------------------HHHHH
HHHHH-----------------------------------HHHHH

H = Station

Image
Pro & Contra
+No jams :-)
+More than one train can be served at once
-Expensive
-need of a lot of space

 

  Example 2
Description This station type is similar to the previous example. The difference is, that more than one train share a platform. Please note, that at the front of the station is no signal.
Image
Pro & Contra
+No jams which wouldn't dissolve
+Cheap to build
-Only one train can be served at once

 

  Example 3
Description This station can handle two trains at one time (one at the platform, one in the waiting area).
If a third train is going to enter the station you will have a very big jam (which will not dissolve for a very long time).
Image Zoom
Pro & Contra
+Little risk of jams
+Cheap
-Only one train could be served at synchronous
-Risk of jams if you use to many trains
Improvements
-The station can only handle two trains with the crossing. You should remove the crossing if you don't need it!
-You can reduce the risk of jams by adding waiting areas to the station

 

cross-station

Image Zoom
Pro & Contra
+Flexible
-risk of jams
Improvements
-You can improve the station by adding waiting areas in front of the station

 

station on a side track

Description The platform is on a side track (the left rail). Trains which don't stop at the station should use the right rail.
Image Zoom
Pro & Contra
+Little risk of jams
+Trains which don't stop at the station can use the main track and wouldn't be disturbed by trains which are waiting at the platform
-It has been reported, that trains which doesn't stop at the station sometimes use the track of the station.
Improvements
-You can reduce the risk of jams by adding waiting areas in front of the station

 

tips

  use waiting areas
Improvements
-You can improve stations with waiting areas (red marked).

--+--<S--HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH-<S-----------------------<S--+--<S--
--+--S>-----------------------------------------------S>--+--S>--

H = Platform
<S = One-Way signal
>S = One-Way signal
+ = Crossing

A train can wait in the red marked area, while another train is loaded / unloaded on the platform. A lot of jams are caused by trains which need a lot of time for loading and unloading


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(c) 2002-2005 by Markus Weber

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